Health is a good way to see 60 years of medical changes
When people eat whole grains, it is inevitable that they will die and die. Disease is something that everyone can’t avoid.
When you are sick, you have to see a doctor. You have to go to the hospital. You have to take medicine and have an injection.
銆€銆€In the early days of the founding of the People’s Republic, there were fewer hospitals, fewer medical staff, and fewer medicines.
At that time, the number of doctors was disproportionate to the number of people, and it became natural to see a doctor.
In that context, in order to provide good medical services to the masses, each doctor walks the streets and lanes, and the serious illness must be treated.
So in the end, they all became general doctors.
銆€銆€In the 1960s and 1970s, barefoot doctors could be said to be the main force of the national medical system.
銆€銆€It is because of the street, always go door-to-door, so I got the title of “Barefoot Doctor”.
銆€銆€Until the implementation of the “Regulations on the Administration of Rural Doctors” from January 1, 2004, the village doctors must go through the corresponding registration and training examinations, and open the official name license. The history of the barefoot doctors has come to an end.
銆€銆€From many examples, we are not serious. The barefoot doctors have solved the urgent need for medical conditions for the lack of medical care in New China.
銆€銆€In the bungalow area of the 1960s and 1970s, there was only one cottage hospital, and the villagers were more dependent on medical teams and barefoot doctors.
銆€銆€At that time, more than 20 barefoot doctors took up the medical burden of the entire cottage area.
So nowadays, people are seriously barefoot doctors, still with a feeling of observance and gratitude, because many people have eaten the same doctor’s medicine for the three generations.
銆€銆€In the 1980s, after the process of reform and opening up, the integrated cooperative medical system was broken, new hospitals began to be established, new pharmaceutical factories began to work, and the days of lack of medical treatment were greatly alleviated.
銆€銆€In hospitals, wards, hospital beds, and a variety of advanced medical facilities and equipment as well as advanced inspection equipment are slowly being supplemented.
Filming, according to CT, MRI began to enter the lives of residents.
銆€銆€Hospitals above the city level have good medical conditions, but in rural areas, there is still not much medical equipment.
In addition to improvements in hospital hardware, the diagnosis technology and various testing techniques are still underdeveloped.
It is not uncommon to delay the disease because it is not diagnosed in time. It happens from time to time.
銆€銆€From the 1990s to the present, both in terms of service and condition, it can be said that it is a high-speed stage of medical condition development.
銆€銆€High-tech instruments, spacious and bright wards, thousands of drugs, people’s health is better protected.
銆€銆€Especially after entering the new century, using medical conditions to improve the hardware, various social security systems also enable people to see the disease, can do inspections and surgery.
The promotion of new rural cooperative medical care and the establishment of community health service stations have provided residents with a good medical environment.
銆€銆€Nowadays, community health service stations and regional private hospitals have created good medical conditions for residents.
Medical insurance and various welfare policies have increased our economic security.
It’s hard to see a doctor, and the days of registration are gone. We are free to choose the hospital we want to go to.
It is a large-scale general hospital. Nowadays, hospitals for specialist treatment are also emerging. The hospitals of orthopedics, diabetes, gynecology and so on have given us more broad and professional choices.
銆€銆€In addition to changes in external conditions, people’s concept of subjective health has also changed dramatically.
銆€銆€From the disease of a few decades ago, not to see a doctor, to the current active prevention of disease, the treatment of disease, the improvement of ideological consciousness also makes us pay more attention to protect the body and develop good habits.
銆€銆€Sixty years of changes in medical conditions have brought about the health of the public today.
銆€銆€According to statistics, in the early days of the founding of the People’s Republic
At the age of 8, and in the past two years, life expectancy has reached nearly 80 years.
Yes, all conditions are good, and health and longevity are taken for granted.
銆€銆€In the 1950s and 1960s: the shortage of medicines and medicines, the difficulty in providing medicines, and the shortage of medicines. In the early days of the founding of the People’s Republic of China, the planning of the new China was at a development stage.
At that time, medical care was also in an extended backward state.
銆€銆€Luo Chun, a 65-year-old aunt, worked at the Beijing Pharmaceutical Company since 1964.
At the time, the pharmaceutical company was responsible for the wholesale of medicines in all hospitals in Beijing and a few retail pharmacies.
Speaking of the drug conditions at that time, Luo Ayi still remembers it.銆€銆€”In the 626 directive of 1966, Chairman Mao said that medicine should go to the countryside and engage in medical construction at the grassroots level in rural areas.
Luo Ayi said, “But the drugs are still not much, they are all allocated according to plan.”
For example, a million boxes of medicines, which are strictly divided into hospitals and the countryside according to percentage.
Luo Ayi said that the workers in the unit were still taking bicycles to bring medicines to the countryside. Even places like Changping and Miyun had to ride close to each other. It was a Wednesday.
銆€銆€According to Luo Ayi, the hospital at that time was not as much as the current, how much medicine to buy.
That era was an era when all kinds of materials were in short supply. How much is given to you, it is not bad, and the variety of medicine is not guaranteed.
銆€銆€”Our company had an employee at that time, because it was stolen to sell the medicine to the village that I knew, and it was also punished!
This is a good example. To be honest, it was really too tight at the time!
Luo Ayi told reporters that in the 1960s, the number of pharmaceutical companies was only tens of millions, less than one billion, but by the time she retired in 2000, it was 10 billion. By now, this number has exceededTen billion.
銆€銆€Yan Rongxiu, a poor doctor in Yaojiayuan Village, is 59 years old this year. I think a few decades ago, Yan Ayi said: “At the time, if you were a child of a worker, you can reimbursed it. Of course, this is preferential treatment. It is not good in the countryside.
Originally, there were few hospitals, no equipment, no medicine, so there was no place for medical treatment in rural areas.
“What makes Aunt Yan a memorable thing is that I have to open a list when I see a doctor.”
“When you see a doctor, you have to open a list. If you can’t cure the team, you have to transfer it to you.”
I am a child of a railway employee and I can only go to the railway hospital.
As long as you change places, you have to open a list!
“The backwardness of medical conditions directly leads to difficulty in seeing a doctor, difficulty in curing a disease, and difficulty in solving an emergency.”
Uncle Liu Lianzhong, the wife of Yan Ayi, said: “My mother is dying of bleeding.
鈥?At that time, I was 10 years old, just founded the country, and the medical conditions were poor. If you leave the present, it will be fine.
Xu Baolan, who lives in the Gome home community, was a barefoot doctor decades ago.
In 1962, 22-year-old Xu Baolan went to the Huangshudian branch of the Pingfang Hospital.
Aunt Xu recalled: “What was the condition at that time?
It is the 3 rooms of the rented grain store, and the conditions are tough.
If there is an infusion, it will be taking medicine and taking an injection.
The measles pandemic in the 1960s gave people an injection every day.
“Aunt Xu said that at that time people’s health awareness would not work, unless it is seriously ill, or there will be very few doctors.”
It is seriously ill, and there are not many conditions for treatment. If you can’t cure it, you have to go to the district level. It is a big hospital at the city level. It is difficult to see a doctor. It is a common thing to not see a disease.
銆€銆€In the 1970s: barefoot doctors walked around the world, barefoot doctors and cooperative medical care were the guarantees of primary health care. They talked about the medical profession in the 1970s. It is impossible to say that barefoot doctors.
銆€銆€The “barefoot doctor” is a term that emerged after the middle of the Cultural Revolution. It refers to the formal medical training in general, and still holds the agricultural hukou. In some cases, the rural medical personnel who are “semi-agricultural and semi-medical” are the products of the rural cooperative medical system.
銆€銆€Wang Guizhi, 67, has been a barefoot doctor before.
銆€銆€In 1972, Wang Guizhi, who had learned a little about medical knowledge, went to the infirmary of the Huangsongdian Brigade.
銆€銆€”There will be fewer medicines!
Anti-inflammatory drugs only gentamicin, penicillin or something; cough only licorice tablets and cough; enteritis is berberine, etc.; headaches have to eat ABC tablets!
“Aunt Wang said that there were more than 40 kinds of medicines at the time.”
“What are the more than 40 kinds of medicines that can be treated now?
Can you meet people’s needs?
However, at that time, these dozens of medicines were used to save the wounded and help the wounded, relying on them!
At that time, the simplification of medical conditions was still a headache.
Aunt Wang said that in the infirmary, the only medical device is a blood pressure meter.
銆€銆€”We will stare at the class during the day and night, and we will pick up a small medicine box when we go to the clinic.The box is nothing more than a syringe, a needle, a thermometer, and some of the simplest medicines. This is all the little homes!
“Aunt Wang said that he had a small medicine box, but he still smiled and closed his mouth. “My family still has it!”
“Barefoot doctors are all doctors Wang Guizhi still remember the first time to give someone an injection.
“It was a noon. I came to an old lady. It was high blood pressure. The face of the asthma was discolored. It was a serious one.
When I came, I told you to have an injection, and I couldn’t stand it!
But I won’t, then I was nervous.
Aunt Wang recalled, “You guess the old lady didn’t know what to do, she thought?”
She said, 鈥楳y flesh, your hand, you will give me a tie, the pain is also my pain, are you afraid?
If you give me a fight, I won’t feel bad, I won’t breathe!
‘Then, I gave my heart a shot and gave her a shot.
“Aunt Wang said after laughing.”
She said that she had just learned a little injection, but people couldn’t get it, and they had to get started.
銆€銆€Another episode also impressed Wang Ayi.
At the time, there was a pregnant woman who gave birth to a child, but the child was breech, the leg came out first, and the head was stuck, and it could not come out.
The midwife has no way to find Wang Guizhi to rescue.
銆€銆€When Wang Guizhi was present, the child was still not born.
When the baby is born, the child has not breathed.
Wang Guizhi quickly rescued the child, and it was a heart pacing and artificial respiration. After half an hour, the child miraculously survived.
銆€銆€Speaking of this, Aunt Wang smiled and said: “Our barefoot doctors have taken over the children. Nothing, everything has to be managed!
“But talking about the hard work, Aunt Wang sighed again: “There is no condition at that time!”
But when you look at the patient’s sin, you have to see what disease you have to see!
In the 1980s and 1990s: the medical conditions rapidly changed and the hardware conditions gradually improved into the 1980s. The tide of reform and opening up, the strength of all aspects of the country began to develop rapidly, and the improvement of hardware facilities and medical conditions became more and more obvious.
鈥?銆€銆€Luo Chunling, a lawyer working in a pharmaceutical company, said: “From the end of the 1970s, drugs were not distributed to hospitals and grassroots as planned.
Due to the large number of establishments in the pharmaceutical industry, the supply of medicines is no longer tense, and at that time, how many medicines are available.
Luo Ayi said: “The times are different, and the country’s industry is developing very fast.
I think that in the early days of the founding of the People’s Republic, there were sixty or sixty pharmaceutical companies. By the 1980s, there were already hundreds of pharmaceutical factories. When they were built, there were more medicines.
There is also a wholesaler, starting in Beijing, only one of our pharmaceutical companies, and later developed to twenty or thirty!
“With the development of drugs, there are medical equipment and hardware facilities.
鈥?Xu Baolan, who has been a barefoot doctor, said: “In the 1970s, the needle used was blunt and it needed to be worn!
Later, I said that it can’t be ground. If the grinding is not smooth, it will cause wounds to the patient and cause infection. Is this not a mess?
So change it with blunt.
When you have a lot of injections, you can be in trouble!
“The first time Xu Baolan used a disposable needle was in the 1980s.
On one occasion, more than a dozen people in the village were poisoned, all of which required infusion.
The result is that the disposable needles bought from the foreign towns play a role, without disinfection, they are used directly, and they are discarded when they are used up.
Xu Ayi said: “This is easy to use!
It’s easy and convenient, so you don’t have to cook it in a lunch box!”Since then, all the disposable needles have been used, and the repeated use of the needles has become history, and it is gone forever.
銆€銆€The doctor bid farewell to the “barefoot” era and entered the early stage of reform and opening up. Through the implementation of the household contract responsibility system, the redistribution of rural land in China finally made the barefoot doctor a sunset occupation.
銆€銆€The collective land of Pingfang Village where Wang Shunhua is located has also gradually been distributed to households.
“Barefoot doctors are generally farmers. We have to treat others and take care of our own farmland. We simply can’t take it.
Wang Shunhua has been a barefoot doctor since 1970.
He remembers that after the reform and opening up, a large number of barefoot doctors gave up this profession.
“Some choose to be a worker in the city, and some people marry to other villages. The original more than 10 barefoot doctors in the village only left me with an old doctor.
“Because Wang Shunhua’s family has been handed over to his younger brother, and he likes the profession of doctors, he has been insisting on doing it.
銆€銆€At the beginning of 1985, the original barefoot doctors were to be assessed, and those who passed the qualifications would be identified as village doctors. After obtaining medical qualifications, they can continue to practice medicine.
The “Barefoot Doctor” has officially withdrawn from the historical arena.
銆€銆€In that year, after the retraining of the regional health bureau, Wang Shunhua, who had been “foot” for 15 years, finally “put on shoes” and became a village health worker, working in a clinic run in the village.
銆€銆€At that time, the Pingfang Village clinic had begun to take shape.
鈥淭here are 80 square meters, 3 rooms, including a clinic and injection room, a pharmacy and an infusion room. There are no nurses in the clinic. All the infusions and medical work are handled by Wang Shunhua and another village doctor.
In the blink of an eye, 20 years later, Wang Shunhua has a new identity – doctor of the health service station.
In 2005, five village clinics in the Pingfang area were officially 鈥渞eceived鈥?by the Pingfang Community Health Service Center.
Wang Shunhua also became a general practitioner of the health service station under the Health Service Center.
銆€銆€At the Pingfang Health Station, Wang Shunhua finally had an assistant.
“Now I only need to help the patient to see a doctor, to help the patient infusion, and to have a special nurse to take the medicine.
The function of the bungalow health station is also getting more and more complete.
鈥?In addition to the usual clinics, injection rooms, and pharmacies, the bungalow health station is also equipped with an infusion room, a rehabilitation room, a laboratory, and a health education room.
The area has also expanded to 150 square meters.
銆€銆€After becoming a general practitioner, Wang Shunhua has also been studying.
“If you don’t study, you can’t keep up.”
鈥?While continuing to participate in various trainings organized by the District Health Bureau, he also learned to use computers in 2007.
Now, he can use the computer to prescribe prescriptions for the villagers and establish a health file for each villager.
Every time a villager comes to see a doctor, he can know the patient’s previous medical history and cases by simply knocking on the keyboard.
銆€銆€Into the new century: the medical system in the area where the disease has not been cured is becoming more and more perfect. Today’s bungalow areas have well-functioning community health service centers, service stations, supplementary pharmacies and private hospitals, and residents no longer have to go big.Going to the hospital to see a doctor.
銆€銆€Referring to the current conditions, Luo Chun led aunt said: “In the past, because there was no money, how many people have delayed the condition and could have been treated. The result is that they cannot be cured due to economic conditions.
She said: “At the time, there was a child in our unit. His mother died of kidney disease, and his father was half-baked.
My sister is suffering from lupus and needs to be hospitalized.
But because there is no money, his sister can only stay in the hospital for a few days. If he is better, he will be discharged from the hospital and wait for a few more days.
“Auntie’s voice is accompanied by a sigh of past medical conditions.”
“But look at the present, 鈥榦ne old and one small’, medical insurance, how good our medical security environment is!
“Seeing a doctor no longer walks a long way, no longer queues up, no longer worry, these changes are due to the establishment of community health service stations.
銆€銆€Luo Chun led aunt said: “I like this health station.
No longer have to go to the big hospital to queue up for medical treatment. There is a headache and a hot brain. Just a few steps away.
More convenient, and the price of medicine is reasonable, cheap!
The price of this health station is zero price difference with the ex-factory price of the drug. The big hospital becomes the main income of drug sales. This health station is saving money for our people!
I am going to the big hospital for a few months now to check, and other health stations that take medicine can solve it.
If the health station can add tests and inspections in the future, it would be better!Yan Xiurong said: “The biggest advantage of the health station is that it is easy to save money.
Our elderly people are convenient, they are afraid of going far, and there is a health station, they are not afraid!
You think that in the 1990s, people who were ill would like to go to the hospital to hang the expert number at 4 or 5 in the morning. This is still the case.
If we are old enough to go to a big hospital to hang up the expert number, it is really a crime. With a health station, it is much easier for us to see a doctor!
“Treatment of disease is a healthy trend. When objective medical conditions are gradually improved, we can also feel that people nowadays are paying more and more attention to “treatment without disease” and prevention is focused on people’s general concept of health.
銆€銆€Nowadays, people are no longer serious enough to seek medical treatment for decades before, and they are not uncomfortable.
The improvement of health consciousness is the improvement of people’s self-quality, and it also reflects the important role of health education in all aspects of society.
銆€銆€When I was sick in the past, I didn’t have the conditions to look at it. I didn’t have the condition to treat the disease as one thing.
銆€銆€The current concept of people’s health has been completely changed.
By using your own age group, you can understand the diseases that you are prone to from various channels, and then actively adjust from the lifestyle and diet structure, so that the lifestyle that you are not sick has gradually become the choice of more and more people.
銆€銆€Various villages, various health knowledge lectures actively carried out by the community, and overwhelming publicity of health knowledge in various media have also strengthened the health knowledge of the people to a certain extent and helped the residents to establish their ideas.
銆€銆€In the community, lectures on life knowledge and disease prevention are among the most popular activities of residents.
銆€銆€Uncle Liu Lianzhong said: “My thoughts are somewhat conservative. I don’t want to go to the medical examination, and I don’t want to go to the hospital. But now I am slowly changing. The body is the most important. I should pay more attention to prevent diseases.
Waiting for the disease to cure, then the trouble is much more.
“Aunt Yan Xiurong said: “I am now watching TV programs for health, including diet, healthy eating, and I am very concerned.
Middle-aged and elderly people should eat less, eat more, and pay attention to themselves, so that they can get sick less and go to the hospital. Health is the greatest asset.