Family standing medicinal wine production methods and effects
The use of medicinal liquor in daily life is extremely extensive. The family-owned medicinal liquor mainly pays attention to the following aspects: First, the degree of liquor used for medicinal liquor should not be too high.
Because of the active ingredients in the medicinal materials, some easily dissolve water, and some easily dissolve the wine. If the degree of alcohol is too high, although it can increase the solubility of alcohol, it is not conducive to the dissolution of metabolic components.
In general, the liquor of the medicinal liquor is best at around 40 degrees.
銆€銆€Time, when medicinal liquor should be soaked, the animal and plant herbs should be soaked separately.
This is because animal medicines are rich in feces and protein, and their medicinal properties need to be replenished for a period of time; the active ingredients in botanicals can be quickly dissolved in water or alcohol.
Soak separately and properly control the soaking time.
銆€銆€Third, it is not advisable to use plastic products for the medicated wine, because the harmful substances in the plastic products are easily dissolved in the wine and cause harm to the human body.
It is best to use ceramic or glass bottles.
At the same time, the medicated wine should also avoid sun exposure or hot burning.
銆€銆€Fourth, when taking medicinal liquor, it is not advisable to add sugar or rock sugar, so as not to affect the efficacy. It is best to add a little honey. Because honey is mild, adding medicinal wine can only reduce the stimulating effect of medicinal liquor on the stomach, and it is also beneficial to maintain and improve the medicine.effect.
銆€銆€The production of household medicinal wine mainly involves four aspects: the choice of wine, the selection and processing of Chinese medicinal materials, the production method of medicinal wine, and the storage of medicinal liquor.
銆€銆€First, the choice of wine, medicinal liquor, white wine, rice wine or yellow wine added to the corresponding Chinese herbal medicines after impregnation processing.
According to its role, medicinal liquor can be divided into therapeutic medicinal liquor and nourishing medicinal liquor.
Although nourishing medicinal liquor has certain preventive effects on certain diseases, it is mainly to nourish and protect the body and promote good health.
These medicinal wines have a better color, aroma and unique flavor, and can be used as a general beverage wine, which can be mixed or mixed.
Therapeutic medicinal liquors have a certain role in the formulation of medicinal liquors, which are mainly used for the treatment or prevention of diseases.
銆€銆€Medicated wine is a kind of beverage produced by the joint processing of wine and traditional Chinese medicine. The wine mainly plays the role of dissolving, precipitating, stabilizing and regulating the taste.
The alcohol content of the medicinal liquor is high or low depending on the type of wine selected.
Some topical medicinal liquors can also be formulated with medicinal alcohol.
When making medicinal wines, choosing certain types of wine as a solvent is the first step in the artillery.
銆€銆€As early as in the Tang Dynasty, the previous pharmacopoeia of the first official revision, “Newly revised Materia Medica,” pointed out: “The wines are different, and only the rice wine is used as medicine.
In the Song and Ming Dynasties, rice wine was used as a raw material for pharmaceuticals. Since the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, white wine was gradually used to absorb drugs.
Nowadays, most medicinal wines still use white spirits as a solvent. This is because the alcohol concentration of liquor is high, and it is easy to analyze the effective ingredients in the medicine.
When making medicinal liquor, whether you choose other wines as a solvent, you should pay attention to the quality, concentration and dosage of the wine.
The quality of the so-called wine mainly refers to the color, smell and taste of the wine when buying the wine.
Generally speaking, it is better to use high quality wines for artillery pharmaceutical wines.
Taking liquor as an example, good white wine should be colorless and transparent, not turbid, no sediment, fragrant smell, and strong taste.
The quality of the yellow wine requires a yellow-brown and transparent color, a rich and rich scent, and a soft and refreshing taste.
When making medicinal liquor, it is important to grasp the concentration of the wine according to the performance and efficacy of the desired medicinal liquor.
If the concentration of the wine is too high, the moisture in the drug is easily exuded, and the drug becomes hard, and the active ingredient is difficult to dissolve and precipitate.
If the concentration of the wine is too low, the drug may expand in volume due to absorption of moisture, and at the same time, some bitter taste and impurities may be easily dissolved, which may affect the smell of the liquor.
Generally, when formulating nourishing medicinal liquor, the concentration of raw wine used may be lower; when preparing medicinal liquor of rheumatism, qi and blood, and meridian, the concentration of raw wine may be higher.
銆€銆€Second, the replacement and processing of Chinese herbal medicines with pharmaceutical wines, in accordance with their main treatment and efficacy, replace the appropriate Chinese medicine, pay special attention to the same name but different kinds of medicinal materials, or the same medicinal materials different parts of use or different processing and processing functions.
Such as Achyranthes, there are different kinds of Huai Niu Knee and Sichuan Achyranthes, Huai Niu Knee is produced in Henan, contains a lot of potassium salt and saponin, the function is to make liver and kidney, strong bones and muscles; Sichuan Achyranthes is produced in Sichuan, does not contain saponinsIngredients, clinical application to promote blood circulation and blood stasis, blood lead down, the two are different.
Another example is that the earth has a habitat, the land is ripe, the land is good at clearing heat and cooling the blood and nourishing the yin, while the ripening is partial to nourishing the blood and nourishing the yin and tonifying the kidney; the angelica is necessary to activating blood, and the body is used for blood; the wheat is divided into Huai wheat and floating wheat, the former is soothing,Single astringent sweat; Astragalus for solid surface, water, sore, etc. should be used, used as a spleen supplement medium gas should be used.
All kinds of substitutions should be noted in advance.
銆€銆€After selecting the medicinal materials, before the medicinal liquor is prepared, appropriate processing should be carried out, such as washing the sediment, picking up impurities, slicing the powder, and bagging and wrapping.
In addition, some herbs are processed to reduce toxicity and can be used as a medicinal wine.As early as in the Tang Dynasty, Sun Sizhen pointed out in the “Thousands of Gold”: “Where the medicine is mixed, the medicine is thin.”
Generally speaking, traditional Chinese medicines used for soaking medicinal liquor should be cut into thin slices, pieces, or rolled into coarse and small pieces, and some ore and shell-like drugs should be ground into fine powder. The purpose is to expand the drug and liquor.The contact surface is beneficial to the diffusion, dissolution and precipitation of the active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicine.
However, it should also be noted that the end of the grinding should not be too fine, the cells that have broken the size of the drug, and transfer some mucous or insoluble substances in the cells into the wine, which is not only unfavorable for the diffusion and dissolution of the active ingredients, but will make the wine turbid.
Some drugs contain toxicity, such as aconite, Pinellia, etc., before use, the necessary processing must be used before use.
銆€銆€Third, the production method of medicinal liquor has been the history of the preparation of medicinal liquor for thousands of years. The method is from simple to complex, varied and varied.
The initial preparation method is to add Chinese medicine directly into the wine soaking. For example, Sun Siwei in the Tang Dynasty said: “Where the medicinal wine is smeared, the medicine is shredded, the oysters are in the bag, the wine is in the middle, the sealing head, the spring and summer, the fourth and fifth, the autumn and winter.On the 7th and 8th, they all took the taste to the feet, went to the slag, and served the wine.
Li Shizhen has another method. He pointed out in the “Compendium of Materia Medica”: “Or use medicine to cook juice and rice, or put the medicine in a medicine bag. The medicine is sealed in the altar, placed in a large pot, boiled for one day, buried in the soil.On the 7th, the fire was poisoned.
“The method of making medicinal liquor by the ancient medical doctors, according to the different production methods, mainly includes the insertion method, the percolation method, the brewing method and the like.
銆€銆€The practice method is the most commonly used method for the production of household medicinal liquor, and there are different differences between the cold immersion method and the hot immersion method.
For single-drugs that are easily leached from effective components, or drugs with a small number of flavors, or drugs with transformants, cold soaking is often used.
If the prescription of medicinal liquor is compatible with the amount of alcohol, and the active ingredient is not easily leached by cold soaking, it can replace the hot dip method.
For wines with alcohol content, such as yellow wine and fruit wine, it is not easy to decompose some active ingredients in the medicine, and often use the heating method to dissolve the active ingredients of the medicine.
銆€銆€Cold soaking method: The medicine is properly cut and processed. If the amount of alcohol used for brewing is not much, the sliced or pulverized medicine can be packed in clean gauze, wrapped in a cloth bag, tied tightly, and placed in a wine vessel;Instead of holding the bag, put the medicine directly into the container, then add the right amount of white wine or yellow wine, and seal the impregnation.
The soaking time depends on the prescription needs and the amount of alcohol, usually about 1 month, and the shortest is more than 7 days.
The sealed wine vessel should be placed in a cool and dark place, properly stirred or shaken to allow full contact between the wine and the drug.
Start stirring or shaking once a day, and after 7 days, replace or shake once every 1 week.
After the active ingredient of the drug is leached, the clear liquor is taken, and the dregs are pressed and discarded, and the wine is allowed to stand for filtration and stored in the bottle, slowly.
Some medicinal wines need to be soaked for soaking time, such as turtle snake wine, three snake wine, tiger bone wine, etc., which need to be absorbed for 3 months to half a year before they can be served.
There is also a cold soaking method, which does not need to press the slag, but when it is soaked for a certain period of time, it starts to take the sake liquid and takes half of the medicine liquor, and then adds the right amount of raw wine, so that the medicine taste is light.
The remaining dregs can be researched into fine powder and served with the second medicinal liquor.
For example, ginseng wine can be brewed by this method.
銆€銆€Hot dip method: Roll the drug into coarse, or cut into thin slices, put it into the wine, add the right amount of wine, seal the bottle mouth, then steam to boiling, remove the cold, place in the shade, continue to soak until the regulationsTime, filter the supernatant liquid, the dregs are squeezed, and the liquid is filtered. The two liquids are combined. After clarification, the bottles are slowly placed.
Another method is also a hot dip method. In the medicine pottery (such as casserole), add a proper amount of wine, and seal the wine mouth with thick paper. After soaking for several hours, the above fire is slowly boiled to boiling, and the cold is removed., standing 2?
On the 3rd, the supernatant liquid was filtered out, the dregs were pressed to extract juice, and the mixture was filtered and clarified. The two liquids were combined and bottled for use.
銆€銆€Leakage method: Leakage method is applicable to the production of a large number of medicinal liquors and requires certain equipment.
The tool used in the percolation method is called a permeation cylinder. It is a tubular or cylinder device that is narrow in width and narrow, and has an open top and a small venting port controlled by a faucet switch.
This method utilizes the liquor from top to bottom, slowly infiltrates the powder, and forms a good concentration difference to facilitate the diffusion and precipitation of the active ingredient. The leaching effect is replaced by the method, and the component extraction is also complete than the previous method.
When making, first roll the drug into a coarse powder, and add the right amount of white wine to crush 2?
After 3 hours, the drug was fully infiltrated and then dispersed uniformly into the leaking cylinder with the degreased cotton or filtered paper on the bottom.
Use a wooden stick to compress the medicine every time. Do not overfill the leaking tube. Use two-thirds of the volume. Clean the gauze with a clean cloth and then wash it on the gauze.Fine stones, so as not to add wine, the powder floats.
Before pouring into the wine, first open the switch below, release the gas in the medicine in the tube, and then slowly add the white wine. When the liquid is replaced from the lower mouth, turn off the switch, it will become liquid and return to the leaking tube, continue to add alcohol.Is it higher than the drug surface 2?
3 cm, cover the lid and keep it closed for several days.
: The lower mouth switch makes the wine that has penetrated the sputum slowly delayed, and the change should be controlled. It should not be too fast. For example, the flow rate of 30 kg per minute is 30?
About 50 ml.
At the same time, please pay attention to add white wine at any time, so that the wine is not lower than the surface of the drug, until the raw wine is added.
When the leaked liquor reaches 80% of the required amount of alcohol?
When the pressure is about 85%, the leakage is stopped, and the dregs are taken for pressing and taking the liquid, and combined with the percolating solution, instead of filtering, the bottle is sealed and ready for use.
銆€銆€Brewing method: This method uses rice, koji and medicine to brew into wine by direct fermentation.
This method is commonly used in ancient times, and there are still applications in modern times.
The method is as follows: according to the prescription, an appropriate amount of rice (glutinous rice or yellow sticky rice), koji and medicinal materials are taken.
First wash the herbs and make them into a coarse powder; the rice is washed clean and the meat is crushed.
Soak the rice with water, let it swell, then cook it into a dry porridge. Wait until it is cooled to about 30 degrees Celsius. Add the powder and koji, stir evenly, and ferment in the pottery.
The proper temperature should be maintained during fermentation. If the temperature rises too high, it can be stirred to cool down.
After 14 days, the fermentation was completed, pressed, clarified, and the liquor was filtered.
Bottle the filtered liquor and heat it to 75?
80 seconds to kill yeast and other bacteria, to ensure the quality of the wine and save.
Another method is to first boil the Chinese medicine, take the medicine juice and stir it with rice, and then add the koji to ferment it into wine.
The medicinal liquor produced by the brewing method has too much alcohol and is not recognized as a drinker.
銆€銆€When making medicinal liquor, in order to ease and medicate, to reconcile the taste, it is easy to take, and often use some flavoring agents or coloring agents, such as brown sugar, rock sugar, white sugar, honey and the like.
銆€銆€Fourth, when storing medicinal liquor with pharmaceutical wine, in addition to purchasing medicines, in addition to purchasing medicines, it is necessary to select suitable utensils for making wine.
It is important to select the right wineware for the dip of pharmaceutical wines, to ensure the quality of the wine and to store the medicinal liquor.
The wine making container should be made of ceramic products or glass products, and it is not suitable to use metal products such as aluminum alloy, tin alloy or iron.
The used wine device should be covered to prevent contamination of the wine and dust.
The ceramic container has the advantages of moisture-proof, anti-drying, light-proof, gas-proof, and chemical reaction with the drug, and the shape is simple and beautiful, and has cultural characteristics.
However, it is inferior to glass products in terms of penetration prevention.
The glassware is economical and inexpensive, easy to obtain, and is a commonly used container for household self-medication wines.
However, glass has the characteristics of absorbing heat and is transparent, which is easy to cause effective and effective mutation in the medicinal liquor and affect storage.
Generally, a dark glass wine vessel should be used.
After the medicinal liquor is finished, it should be sealed with the fashion bottle or the altar. The upper mouth of the wine should be sealed. Do not allow the alcohol to leak, and prevent the air from coming into contact with the medicinal liquor to avoid oxidation and pollution of the drug.
The medicinal wine sealed at the mouth of the bottle should be placed in a cool, dry place and protected from light.
When taking it, drink it with the drink and close the mouth or the mouth of the jar immediately after pouring.
銆€銆€In addition, if the preparation of the topical medicinal liquor, it should also be noted that it should be marked and placed in a safe and appropriate place, so as not to be mistaken for internal medicine.
銆€銆€Method of injecting medicinal liquor: 1 medicinal liquor should usually be taken before meals. Generally, it should not be taken on the table. The brake drug is quickly absorbed and the therapeutic effect is exerted quickly.
The medicinal liquor is better with warm drinks, which can better play the role of warming and replenishing the medicinal liquor.
If the medicinal liquor is improperly mixed, it will be counterproductive, so it is necessary to pay attention to the contraindications.
銆€銆€2 taking medicated wine should not be too much.
According to the tolerance of the person to the wine, you can drink 10-30 ml each time, take it every morning and evening, or adjust according to the condition and the nature and concentration of the drug used.
Do not drink too much alcohol, otherwise it will cause adverse reactions.
More serving of ginseng-containing tonic can cause chest and abdomen to swell, do not think about diet.
More serving of antler-containing tonic can cause fever, irritability, and even nosebleeds.
In addition, when combining medicinal liquors, cross-division of medicinal liquors with different therapeutic effects should be avoided.
The medicinal liquor used for treatment should be cured within the acceptable course and should not be taken for a long time.
銆€銆€Family commonly used medicinal wine formula method: 1.
33 grams of qi and blood wine ginseng, 25 grams of astragalus, 20 grams of Angelica, 60 grams of longan meat, 15 grams of Chuanxiong, 45 grams of rehmannia.
Soak for 50 months with 50 degree rice wine.
銆€銆€Function and usage: It is suitable for qi and blood weakness, pale and dull, weak, or less frequent menstruation, and delayed menstruation.
10 per time?
Those who are not good at drinking can mix the wine into the soup.
Or the effect of stewing chicken with this wine is also good.
銆€銆€Taboo: cold, fever, ulcer disease, respiratory disease and liver disease are not allowed.
Zhuangyao kidney wine bark 60 grams, Cistanche 45 grams, Chuan Duzhong 33 grams, ginseng 25 grams, velvet tablets 18 grams, 1 pair, 30 grams of Chuan continued, 15 grams of broken bones, 75 grams of rock sugar, 50 degrees wine1 kg.
Soak for 1 month.
銆€銆€Function and usage: Aphrodisiac and kidney-reinforcing kidney, suitable for men’s waist and knees, soft and weak, impotence; also used for women’s sexual apathy, low blood pressure, backache and so on.
10 per time?
Do not drink in patients with hypertension.
Blood-activating phlegm wine field seven (ie, Sanqi) 85 grams (breaking or slicing), Angelica 25 grams, Chuan continued 33 grams, Sumu 28 grams, Chuanxiong 30 grams, safflower 18 grams, Yanhusuo 35 grams, Xiang Fu 15Gram, 70 grams of rock sugar, 1 kilogram of 50 degrees rice wine.
Soak for 1 month.
銆€銆€Function and usage: activating blood circulation, relieving pain, and applying to bruises and old injuries, muscle and muscle pain.
10 per time?
Also suffering from the affected area.
Hurricane Alive Liquor White Flower Snake 90g, Chuanxiong 32g, Chuan Papaya 20g, Ginger Live, 25g for each living, 40g for Millennium, 18g for Chuanwu, 28g for Qinling, 45g for Sichuan Achyranthes, and half maple50 grams, 100 grams of rock sugar.
50 degrees rice wine 1.
5 kg, soak for 1 month.
銆€銆€Function and usage: hurricane active, blood circulation and pain relief, suitable for chronic rheumatism and bone pain, and the pain often occurs in cold weather.
Daily service 2?
3 times, each time 10?
Also suffering from the affected area.
This medicinal wine contains Chuanwu, you can not drink more.
90 grams of wine tart, 65 grams of Huang Jing, 32 grams of Astragalus, 28 grams of Angelica, 38 grams of Cordyceps, 60 grams of longan meat, 25 grams of ginseng.
50 degrees rice wine 1.
5 kg, soak for 1 month.
銆€銆€Function: qi and blood, body and longevity, is a gentle fitness wine, can make people look rosy and lustrous.
Take 1 time each morning and evening, each time should not exceed 30 ml, the elderly take 10?
15 ml is preferred.
External use of drunken wine Chuanwu 10 grams, 10 grams of raw grass, 15 grams of two needles, 20 grams of camphor, 18 grams of rhubarb, 17 grams of borneol, 12 grams of asarum, 32 grams of hematoxylin, 60% alcohol 1.
5 kg, soak for 1 month.
銆€銆€Function: activating blood circulation, relieving pain and relieving pain.
External pain area, 3 per day?
Skin damage is taboo.
Oral administration is prohibited.